When we talked about agriculture we think about the farmer, the crops,soil.but the main purpose of Agricultural Technology is to invent sensors, devices, machines for the farmers. So they can produce more Agricultural products in one country.
There is some synonym name of Agricultural Technology is- Agrotechnology, AgriTech, or agrotech. Agricultural Technology can be produced, services, or applications derived from agriculture that improve various input or output processes.
History of Agricultural Technology
Agriculture is very important since humans are creating. But the evaluation of history is developing the agricultural system. When humans gain knowledge about the science Agricultural technology is developing.
105,000 years ago wilde grains were collected and eaten. However, domestication did not occur until much later. The eight Neolithic founder crops – emmer wheat, einkorn wheat, hulled barley, peas, lentils, bitter vetch, chickpeas, and flax were cultivated around 9500 BC in the Levant. Rye may have been planted earlier.
By 6200 BC Rice was subjugated in China with the known cultivation from 5700 BC, followed by mung, soy, and azuki beans. Around 11,000BC Pigs have subjugated in Mesopotamia, Between 11,000BC and 9000 BC followed cattle.
In 18,000 BC Cattle was subjugated from the wild aurochs in modern Turkey and Pakistan. Around 7000 BC Sugarcane and some root vegetables were subjugated in New Guinea
From the Sahel, the region of Africa in 3000BC Sorghum was subjugated. Between 8000BC and 5000BC In South America, the potato was subjugated along with beans, coca, llamas, alpacas, and guinea pigs.
In the Papua New Guinea Bananas were hybridized. By 4000BC wild teosinte was Subjugated to maize in Mesoamerica. In Peru by 3600 BC Cotton was subjugated. Mesopotamian Sumer, ancient Egypt, the Indus Valley Civilisation of the Indian subcontinent, ancient China, and ancient Greece has witnessed the intensification of agriculture in civilization in The Bronze age 3300BC.
The expansion of ancient Rome, both the Republic and then the Empire, throughout the ancient Mediterranean and Western Europe built upon existing systems of agriculture while also build up the manorial rules that became a bedrock of medieval agriculture During the iron age and era of classical antiquities.
Agriculture was changed with improved techniques and diffusional of crop plants, including the introduction of sugar, rice, cotton, and fruit trees such as the orange to Europe by way of Al-Andalus, in the middle age, the Islamic world and in Europe.
The Columbian exchange brought New World crops such as maize, potatoes, sweet potatoes, and manioc to Europe, and Old World crops such as wheat, barley, rice, and turnips, and livestock including horses, cattle, sheep, and goats to the Americas after the voyages of Christopher Columbus in 1492s.
In the past 200 years, began with the British Agricultural revolution Irrigation, crop rotation, and fertilizers were introduced soon after the Neolithic Revolution and developed much further.
Kinds of Agriculture Technology
There are several kinds of Agriculture Technology and those are-
- Satellite photography and sensors
- IoT-based sensor networks
- Phase tracking
- Weather forecasts
- Automated irrigation
- Light and heat control
- Intelligent software analysis for pest and disease prediction, soil management and other involved analytical tasks
- Soil and water sensor
- Weather Tracking
- Satellite imaging
- Pervasive Automation
- Minichromosome technology
- RFID Technology
- Vertical farming
Let’s know about some little information about those Agricultural technologies-
A drone is a high tech aircraft which have a camera system in today’s era. It is the term of the robotics system. Dron using the crop fields to scanning the fade part of the crops and image them. It has also GPS tracker map so that this is highly appreciated in today’s agric sensors
Satellite Photography and Sensors
Satellite photography and sensors are based on spatial resolution. It was limited when detection of phenological events due to spatial resolution and soil background characteristics. It used the practice of precision agriculture. The satellite took an image and send it to the farmer for this farmer’s can know about the details of their field.
IoT-based Sensor Networks
The most important thing in Agriculture irrigation. This irrigation is analyses by the internet of things(loT) which is a network of sensors for the application of agriculture optimum irrigation.
Monitoring is the main job for phase tracking. By taking the phase tracking farmers can know about the rural development rate and encourage themselves to work more.
Weather forecasting is a common thing for us nowadays. Because we can analyses future forecasting by using simple software that tracks the location and tell about the weather. And by this farmers are also take care of their crops more and more.
Automated irrigation is the software that tracks the changes of the flow of water from one bay, or set bays to another that can occur in the absence of irrigation.
Light and Heat Control
In Today’s world, there is some robotics system where can one know about light and heat control.like-ph controlar, EC value,CO2 concentration,atomization.
The biotech is working for the farmers, producers, and consumers.the biotechnology is-
- Plant and animal breeding
- Pest resistant crops
- Pesticide-resistant crop
- Nutrients supplement
- Abiotic stress resistance
- Industrial strength fibers
Agriculture genetic is minichromosome technology. Geneticists add dozens of jobs and grow a fresh and new planet.
GDP from Agriculture in Asia
In today’s world, 40% of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is dependent on Agricultural technology and agriculture. There is an overview of 10 Asian countries GDP:
10 Asian Countries GDP from Agriculture
Adoption of genetically engineered crops in the U.S
After all this Information we can notice that agriculture is a big part of our developing world. And Agricultural Technology is the best part of developing agriculture.
We know that, if agriculture is developed the country is called a most developing country.so, directly and indirectly, this Agricultural Technology is the best technology in this robotics word.