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The Evolution of Technology Timeline History & Future: Communication, Education, Classroom

Evolution of technology

The term evolution of technology means how technology has evolved with the timeline from the early human tool prior to the latest modern technology. 

Since the “big bang” event which took place over 13.4 billion years ago from later on our universe has gone through constant evolution and significant changes. 

Following the radical physical, chemical, and biological evolution and now finally we are experiencing technological evolution.

Technology has helped us to conquer modern civilization where we all stand today. Technology always evolves and becomes more advanced, sometimes it is ahead of our time.

Men have come up with revolutionary ideas and innovations over centuries together with creative ways to utilize those ideas into reality which is later known as technology. 

All technologies are born to serve purposes, like the man who crafted and designed the earliest human tools (could be an arrow, hammer, or knife) made the tools purposely to meet his demand like hunting and survival.

For a brief understanding, I have breakdown the list of the evolution of technology timeline history from starting to now on and to give a little summary of every period of time.

Table of Content: The Evolution of Technology Article

History of Evolution Technology Timeline

Date Innovation 
3.3 million years agoThe first tools
1 million years agoFire
20,000 to 15,000 years agoNeolithic Revolution
6000 BCEIrrigation
4000 BCESailing
1200 BCEIron
850 CEGunpowder
1250–1300Mechanical clock
1765Steam engine
1876Internal-combustion engine
1879Electric light
1942Nuclear power
1974Personal computer
2017Artificial Intelligence
The Evolution of Technology Timeline

What is the Evolution Technology?

What is

According to Czech philosopher Radovan Richta, Technological evolution is a theory of radical transformation of society through technological development.

Society has adopted the transformation with the process evolution of technology. Right now, in every section Technology evolution is working as a helping hand in society’s every aspect.

From agriculture to medical science, in every possible way technology give its footsteps.

The trend goes on and now we have technologies that are far more advanced than the previous ones and are solving our day-to-day problems. 

Technology has reshaped the course of human history from the invention of wheels to the industrial revolution all that has made mankind reach the ultimate milestone.

With the core of technology, man can now travel to places that were previously unknown and discover countless scientific endeavours over time. 

To be frank, it is not quite possible to cover all the extent of technological supremacy over time. But, here in this article, you will get a complete outlook of how technology has come so far and shaped the future of tomorrow.

The Evolution of Technology Summary from Paleolithic Period to Artificial Intelligence

The word technology comes from the Greek words “techne “ and logos “ which in short means artefacts or applied arts. 

At that time technology was described as “the method or activity to imply new ways to improve the everyday environment”. 

But time has passed and technology is now defined as, ”the implementation of scientific knowledge for the overall development of human life”. 

Early evidence of mankind utilizing technology backdated to the stone age(1.5 million years ago) when sharp flakes were used as knives and stones were used to set fire. Since then notable innovations were made and technology evolved with time.

Now let’s have a look into some of the important ancient discoveries in the field of technology that happened thousands of years ago and how they influenced society. 

Palaeolithic Period (2.3 Million Years Ago)

During this prehistoric period of time also called “before the stone age” humans constructed the earliest means of human tools( knives, hammers, scrapers)  from stone, wood, antlers, and bones.

These early technological innovations were tied to hunting, survival, and food preparation. 

Lower Paleolithic Period (1.3 Million Years Ago)

Historians believe that one of the prominent technological breakthroughs, the discovery of “fire” originated more than 1.3 million years ago during the lower palaeolithic period.

The discovery of fire allowed humans to cook food and visibility at night.

Neolithic Period (12,000-15,000 Years Ago)

During the neolithic period, humans invented some key technologies like agriculture and animal farming and harvesting techniques. People began to live in large groups and laid the foundation of modern-day society.

Mud and clay were used to build houses and localities. In the neolithic period, humans also made fabrics from animal skin, and fur to create cloth.

Copper and Bronze Age ( 6000 BC)

The Copper and bronze age is an era of great technological advantages. Humans began to extract materials such as copper and bronze for making tools.

Copper smelting technology allowed humans to create more precise, polished, and exact shaped mechanical tools. 

Iron Age (1200 BC-2000 BC)

During this particular period of time, the introduction of iron ore smelting and forging technology allowed us to make more efficient, lighter, stronger, and cheaper tools and weapons thus replacing tools made from bronze and copper. 

Mesopotamia (800-1800 BC)

Mesopotamia pioneered the discovery of wheels. Writing practices were first invented in Mesopotamia.

Mesopotamia witnessed some significant technological advancements like the first true arc construction, water transportation, irrigation, and many more. The true civilization began in Mesopotamia. 

The Roman Empire (25 BC – 390 AD)

A crucial development in technology was carried out during this time. The Roman empire was economically developed and productive thanks to advanced engineering and scientific knowledge.

Concrete, glass blowing, dams, reservoirs, and advanced building technology are some notable Roman inventions. Some structures from the Roman empire even stand today.

18th &19th Century: The Era of Modern Technology

The first industrial revolution of the early 18th century driven by the discovery of the steam engine set an important aspiration of modern technological evolution.

In the 18th century, important technological breakthroughs took place. 

The 19th century also saw the development of one of the prominent technological advancements of the modern era, the invention of computers that brought the age of digitalization. 

The development of rocket science has put man in space and for the first time, mankind was able to land on the moon.

In the late 19th century the introduction of the internet and the world wide web initiated the term global village and brought the communities even closer than ever.

Let’s look into some of the major technological innovations of this period.

First Industrial Revolution (1600-1820s)

During the first industrial revolution, numerous inventions were unveiled. Minerals like Coal were used to generate much of the energy for the industry. 

The industrial revolution began with the textile industry, manufacturing processes were transformed from hand to hand to machine production.

Steam-powered locomotives accelerated mobility and introduced railway transportation.

The Evolution of Technology in Communication (1831) 

The big change in technology started in 1831 when the electric telegraph was invented. In the 19th century, the revelation was with the hand of electrical engineering.

Because of that, digital methods have the main tools for business, communication, education and many more.  

In the early 1820s, the invention of the photographic camera by “Joseph Nicéphore Niépce” demonstrated a new approach to optical technology.

The invention of photography revolutionized culture and communication in society.  

The Invention of The Automobile (1880)

The invention of the automobile is widely considered one of the key technological discoveries in the course of human history.

The first automobile was powered by an internal combustion engine. Automobiles have influenced the social, cultural, and economic perspectives since then. 

The Invention of The Telephone (1849)

The Tech phone was invented in 1849, it was the mainstream of the business, and the office for those who have luxurious options was at home. It has taken almost 50 years to develop the telephone. 

One of the biggest turning points in the world of technology was when the first kick start gave  Motorola in 1973 by creating the first phone. Motorola has created a chain to further. From 

Mobile phones have changed the whole world. 

The smartphone area started with the hand of Steve Jobs with the innovation of Apple.

Day after day the smartphone industry is continuously changing the game in the smart area. 

Second Industrial Revolution (1860-1930)

During the period of the second industrial revolution new industries emerged, and mass manufacturing revolutionized industrial production.

It paved the way for rapid industrialization. Numerous technological developments in steel, petroleum, chemical, and electrical industries were conducted.

The Invention of Airplanes (1904)

Humans have always dreamed of flying in the sky.

When the Wright brothers flew the first aeroplane in 1905 then later notable technological advancement was seen in the aerospace industry.

Aeroplanes have enabled us to fly to places that couldn’t be done before. 

The Invention of The Computer (1930)

What started as a calculative device is now known to be a major discovery in modern human civilization.

Since the introduction of the very first computing device “ENIAC”, the computer industry has gone through revolutionary technological advancements.

Computers can perform multiple tasks at a time.

Supercomputers have the ability to perform complex and critical operations within seconds.

The legacy of technological evolution has been seen as no bounds in the 20th century.

Technology is now getting more sophisticated and more advanced than their previous generations.

The evolution of technology from the early prehistoric period until the modern age is driving the possibility to set up a knowledge-based society.

Technology has ensured sustainable development from the economy to education and healthcare. New technological breakthroughs are the forerunner of today’s modern era.

People are adapting up-to-date technologies to improve their daily lifestyle, something they just couldn’t live without. All of this is now possible due to technological evolution.

Here are some of the latest trends in the technology of the future.

Internet – (1974)

Internet communication has had a  revolutionary impact since the mid 19th century in 1974. 

The Internet means to be connected.

It has turned the world into a global village.

Thanks to internet technology, people now can communicate with others from anywhere in the world. The Internet is leading globalization.

Because of the internet, various new businesses have risen and ideas have been created still now on. 

Industry 4.0

The motto of the 4th industrial revolution is “digitalization”. In the 21st century, smart factories have emerged, these factories are highly automated and technologically superior. 

Artificial Intelligence (2017)

Artificial intelligence ( AI) will work like humans and animals which will understand emotion.

However, it is still in the childbirth position. In 2017 AlphaGo team announced that it will be the world’s grates Go, player, all the time as it has AI. 

5G Networks (2019)

5G will provide superfast internet bandwidth. 5G will enable the users to download large files from the internet within seconds( up to 10 gigabytes/ seconds!).

5G uses fifth-generation cellular networking technology.

Unmanned Autonomous Vehicle

In the near future vehicles will be driving on their own. Autonomous technology and AI will let the vehicle make decisions and assist in driving without breaking any traffic laws and avoid accidents. 

Additive Manufacturing

The slogan of additive manufacturing is “democratizing technology”.

People now can manufacture and design products at home only by using a 3D printer.

Virtual Reality

Virtual reality seems like a technology that comes straight from science fiction.

Virtual reality creates a simulated environment that may be similar or completely different from the real world. It can be used for training, entertainment, and education purposes.

Technology is what we live in and we can’t deny how long we have gone so far only because of technological advancement.

Technology is now our day-to-day expectancy. 

The Evolution of Technology in Education and Classroom 

Education and technology have worked hand in hand scene blackboards to the computer area.

Technology makes an impact in the classroom to build and give a better education. 

In the colonial era, wood paddles with printed lessons were the main tool for learning verbs.

200 years later from the colonial era, a slide projector projected images printed on glass plates in the 1870th century. 

After World war I, almost 8000 of the lantern sliders was set in the Chicago public school system.

By the time the new technology of the Chalkboard and pencil came into the education system, Chalkboard in around 1890 and pencils were in the 1900th century.

This also indicates that students are hungry for new Educational technology and they can adopt that technology very first. 

  • In 1920 Radio emerged in the classroom to help the students in their studies. 
  • In 1930 the overhead project came with that 1940 ballpen introducing itself as a new process using the tools and in 1950 headphones came and played their part.  
  • The photocopier (1959) and handheld calculator (1972) which also imported into the classroom for the first learning methods. 
  • After that, in 1985 Toshiba released the first computer and Apple also enrolled in the field in 1984.
  • The worldwide web was the in and undoubtedly a new education starting to hope in 1990 when British Researcher developed the life by using HyperText Markup Language or HTML on the internet. 
  • The social network MySpace was created for the students, though it has expanded worldwide.  

The future of the education system is changing day after day. The education system is very comfortable accepting all the modern technology. The evolution of tehcnology timeline and sumamry history gives a good chunk of idea to know more about it.